The placard has been familiar to mankind for a long time. It was widely used in ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome to announce historical and commercial agreements.
The first placard used for advertising purposes was produced by a German printer named Batdold in 1482. n 1897 an international exhibition opened in St. Petersburg under the patronage of the Partners society." This was the first public view of the new genre.
In 1897 in St. Petersburg an international exhibition was opened. It was the first view of the new genre "plakat", "poster", "placard".
In Russia during the last third of the 19th century and begging of the 20 th the most fashionable artistic styles were "neo-Russian" and "modernism."I.Bilibin, V.Vasnetsov, M.Belsky, L.Bakst produced plakats.
During the World War I and after appeared three different kind off plakats6 social, agitation and military.
The plakat became one of the most popular and important forms of fine arts in Russia after the revolution of 1917. During Soviet days the plakat was intended to perform tasks of visual propaganda and agitation. Millions of copies of the plakats were produced.
These plakats provide a pictorial history of the soviet era. They can be divided according to time and subject matter as follows:
Soviet Propaganda, 1917-1937
Soviet Constructivist, 1920-1932
Pre-War Soviet, 1932-1941
Post war, 1945-1960s
After the 1960s, the plakat reflected all the problems and issues of the Soviet Union up to 1991, including such significant events as the Afghan war, Chechen war, etc.
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